A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE RED RICE
Why has eating rice been such a problem for those who are trying to lose weight or are on a strict calorie restricting diet? Putting it across, in straight and much simpler words - rice is not an enemy of the weight related goals or the low blood sugar that you are trying to achieve - inadequate knowledge about this food item is.
Let's unravel what makes this traditional variety such a huge topic of debate in the health and fitness circle. White rice is the highly refined version of raw rice, which is hulled and milled. What makes this variety a not-so-healthy one despite it being widely consumed throughout the world is the fact that processing and milling takes away significant parts of the grain - bran and germ. Bran and germ are rich in dietary fibre as well as nutrients that are beneficial for human health.
According to a Delhi based weight management expert, Dr. Gargi Sharma, "If white rice undergoes further process of polishing then its aleurone layer gets removed leading to loss of nutrients. This layer is rich in B vitamins, other nutrients and essential fats."
White rice is primarily starch. Due to processing, it falls short on some essential nutrients like thiamine, also known as B1 as well other B Vitamins. Consuming un-enriched white rice can lead to a condition called beriberi, which occurs due to thiamine deficiency. White rice is also treated with additives that can - in certain cases - harm human body and trigger metabolic disorders like diabetes, obesity and so on.(food.ndtv.com)
According to Dr. Ritika Samaddar, Max Healthcare Saket, New Delhi, "The milling and polishing destroys 67% of the vitamin B3, 80% of the vitamin B1, 90% of the vitamin B6, half of the manganese, half of the phosphorus, 60% of the iron, all of the dietary fibre as well the essential fatty acids present in the raw variety." As alarming as these facts may seem, doing away with white rice completely may be a tough choice for most people. This is where healthier alternatives like coloured rice step in.
The healthier alternative: Red Rice (whole grain)
Red rice is a kind of wholegrain unpolished rice which has higher nutritional value compared to white rice or even polished rice. Cooking time is generally more than white rice and it has a nutty taste and more gratifying flavor. It is fiber rich content, Vitamin B1 & B2, iron and calcium. Because of higher nutritive content as well as health advantages of red rice, it is strongly advised for heart patients as well as diabetics. The red rice gets its rich colour from an antioxidant called anthocyanins, which are also found in deep purple or reddish fruits and vegetables. The compound is believed to have properties that can reduce inflammation, allergy, prevent risks of cancer and help in weight management. The manganese present in both varieties helps in strengthening metabolism, while magnesium helps in migraine, lowers blood pressure as well as risks of heart attacks. Along with calcium, magnesium helps in maintaining healthy bones and teeth, and prevents risks of arthritis and osteoporosis. Selenium on the other hand protects the body against infections.
Additionally it is loved by health gurus as well as fitness fanatics since it’s high fiber content helps gain less weight. By consuming red rice, you can get the following nutrition and also health advantages.
From a nutrition perdpective,red rice has 3 grams of fiber per serving (brown rice has 2 grams).But it has 10 times the antioxidants of brown rice. Red rice is also very rich in essential nutrients manganese,(80% of your daily value,) and molybdenum (35%).
1. Contains antioxidants to counteract free radicals
One thing that sets the red variety apart from its brown counterpart is it being enriched with antioxidants that can help fight damaging free radicals in our body." red rice is a great source of iron or manganese. Mangan, who was simply instrumental in producing energy for the body is a vital element of the enzyme and is also an anti-oxidant that may safeguard the body from free-radicals which are formed once the energy produced. Additionally, red/brown rice is full of zinc, a mineral that can help accelerate wound healing and maintain the body’s defense mechanisms to function effectively. Just like iron or manganese, zinc is additionally full of anti-oxidants that safeguard the body from free-radicals that may damage tissues and cells within the body.
2. Contains Vitamin B6
By consuming only one serving of red/brown rice, can meet 23 percent of vitamin B6, the quantity required for the functioning of the organ. This particular vitamin is required to help balance the development of serotonin, red blood cells helping the creation of DNA cells.
3. Can Lower High Cholesterol
In 1970, human studies reported red rice’s effect on reducing the blood levels of total cholesterol. The active component in red rice is monacolin K.
4. Can Help Prevent Heart Disease
Higher amounts of low-density lipoprotein or LDL in the blood cause plaque build-up in the walls of the arteries. This particular narrows the size of the arteries and could block the coronary artery, causing a heart attack. Reducing LDL cholesterol levels reduces the chance of heart disease. A 2009 study carried out by David Becker and Ram Gordon, cardiologists at Chestnut Hill Hospital reported that LDL cholesterol levels reduced more in patients receiving red yeast rice compared to patients getting a placebo.
5. Can Lower Blood Glucose
Uncontrolled blood glucose levels in diabetics can ruin the eyes, kidneys and also the coronary heart. Controlling blood sugar levels reduces these dangers. they are high in fibre content, the digestion process is slow, which leads to a strengthened digestive system. Fibre also aids in slowing down the rate at which carbs are converted into blood sugar; therefore fibrous foods are low on the glycemic load.(food.ndtv.com)
According to experts, the red rice is also highly recommended for diabetics - because of its low glycemic index - and heart patients. In a animal research carried out at the Department of Food Science at the National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Hon-Qi–a form of red rice–was administered to induced-diabetic rats and also to rats with normal blood glucose levels. This was a try to create a new replacement for dealing with diabetes. The results claim that oral administration of Hon-Qi may reduce blood glucose in diabetic rats inadequate insulin. According to recent studies, consuming one cup of red rice on a daily basis can significantly cut short the risks of developing diabetes by up to 60%.
6. It lowers the risk of obesity
Red rice will help you decrease the desire to eat and may cause you to feel fuller for the really long time. Moreover, red rice provides energy in your body and helps the digestion. Red rice is completely fat-free. Most likely you know that high-fat consumption boost the chance of obesity. It’s been shown that individuals who eat red rice on a daily basis, have got a reduce chance of obesity. In case you are attempting to drop a few unwanted pounds, eating red rice could make the method simpler.
7. It helps in fighting asthma
Since red rice is a superb source of magnesium, which will help to manage your normal breathing pattern, consuming red rice regularly will assist you to avoid the issue of asthma. This really is among the best advantages of eating red rice. If you suffer from asthma, talk to your doctor and discover whether you can consume red rice or not.
8. It’s fortified with powerful antioxidants
Red rice is additionally loaded with effective anti-oxidants which are extremely therapeutic for the skin. Consuming red rice frequently might help avoid the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on the skin. Plus, red rice may help firm and tighten the skin and minimize the damage brought on by UV rays that may result in wrinkles.
9. Red rice is good for your bone health
As we mentioned above, red rice is a superb source of magnesium, that is ideal for your bone health. Magnesium is a crucial nutrient needed to build healthy bones and magnesium deficiency can result in osteoporosis and low bone density later in life. It has been verified that regular consumption of red rice will help avoid and relieve joint problems.
10. It’s rich in fiber
Red rice is really a whole grain to help you meet your daily fiber requirements. One-quarter cup of red rice consists of about 2 grams of fiber, and it’s 8 percent of your daily fiber requirements. Fiber is renowned for its capability to assist in preventing and alleviate constipation, and enhance bowel function. While white rice is full of carbs, red rice is loaded with fiber. Additionally, it offers energy to your body required for regular body functioning.
11. prevents cancer
In addition to containing antioxidants, phytonutrients, phytochemicals, Vitamin E, protein, iron, and other nutrients and being beneficial for the liver, kidney and stomach. It has high content of anthocyanins, which help in preventing risks of cancer.
This rice is naturally processed and packaged without addictives or preservatives.
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